Some of the main areas of improvement in Windows Server 2008 R2 are in Active Directory. Specifically :
- Active Directory Module for PowerShell— Active Directory Module for PowerShell is a consolidated group of PowerShell cmdlets which can be used to manage Active Directory.
- Active Directory Administrative Center—The Active Directory Administrative Center is an AD management console which allows for the management of users, computers, groups, sites, and domains from a single console.
- Offline Domain Join— Windows machines and be joined to the domain, while offline, using an XML file.
- Recycle Bin for Active Directory—Allows deleted objects to be restored from the Recycle Bin.
- Managed Service Accounts—Improves the difficult task of managing service account passwords by automatically updating all services when the service account password is updated.