Using the Windows Server 2008 Task Manager for Logging and Debugging

Performance or process measures can be removed or added to the Processes tab, including process identifier (PID), session ID, CPU time, and page faults. To add these, select View, Select Columns to open the Select Column property page from where you can add process counters to the process list or remove them.

Monitoring Services using  Windows Server Task Manager

Windows Server 2008 introduced the Services tab to the Task Manager. Using the Service Tab you can quickly assess and troubleshoot specific services by viewing whether a service has stopped or is still running smoothly. In addition, the Services Tab provides key details, such as the service name, service description, and service group. It is also possible to launch the Services snap-in to make changes to a specific service. For example, if you know a service should be running but it isn’t shown on the Processes tab (a common example of this is spoolsv.exe – the Windows Print Spooler service executable), you can navigate to the Services tab and attempt to start the service from there.

Monitoring Services using  Windows Server Task Manager

The Performance tab gives the admin a graphical representation of the CPU and physical memory usage. This info is especially useful when you for quick CPU or
memory performance bottleneck troubleshooting. The Performance tab makes it possible to generate a graph of processor time in Kernel mode. To do this, select View, Show Kernel Times and the kernel time will be represented by the red line in the graph. Kernel time is a measure of the time that applications are using operating system services. The other processor time is User mode. User mode processor time is the time spent in threads which are spawned by applications.
If a server has multiple CPUs, you can view multiple CPU graphs at once by selecting View > CPU History and selecting either One Graph Per CPU or One
Graph, All CPUs. The Resource Monitor button allows for launching the Resource Monitor tool for additional analysis of the system.

Monitoring Network Performance using  Windows Server Task Manager

The Networking tab enables measurement of the network traffic for each adapter on the local server. For multiple network adapters—whether dial-up, local area network (LAN) connection, wide area network (WAN) or virtual private network (VPN) connection — the Networking tab shows a graphical comparison of the traffic for each connection and also provides a quick overview of the adapter, network utilization, link speed, and state of your connection.
Traffic can be broken down into Bytes Sent, Received, and Total Bytes by selecting View >Network Adapter History and then checking the various metrics to be  graphed. This is useful if you determine that the overall throughput is high and you need to   determine if inbound or outbound traffic is the issue. In this scenario, the default setting is displayed in Total Bytes,  column headings can be added by selecting View > Select Columns. Numerous  network measures can be added or removed including Bytes Sent/Interval, Bytes Throughput, Unicast Sent and Received.

Monitoring User Activity using  Windows Server Task Manager

The last tab on the Task Manager is the Users tab, which displays the list of the users who are connected to or logged on to the server, their session status, and names. The below  five
columns are available on the Users tab:

  • User – The users logged on the server provided the suer is not connected via a console session, it is possible to remote control a session or send a message. Remote control can be initiated by right-clicking on the user and then selecting Remote Control. The level of control is determined by the security settings in Remote Desktop.
  • ID—The numeric ID which identifies the session on the server.
  • Status—The current status of a session which is either Active or Disconnected.
  • Client Name—The name of the client machine using the session.
  • Session—The session which the user is logged on with.

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